Funding of more than €12,000 for Gaoth Dobhair Golf Club for new machinery to maintain the course has been granted, it has been announced. The announcement, made by Joe McHugh, will come as a massive boost to the community in west Donegal.Minister McHugh said: “Galf Chumann Gaoth Dobhair does great work promoting the Irish language and acting as a great outlet for the local community and attracting tourists and visitors to the area. “This latest €12,000 funding will help ensure the course is as good as it can be.“The announcement of the grant is just a few weeks since I was able to confirm Government funding of about €13,000 for repair and refurbishment work on the clubhouse.“Tá súil agam go dtabharfaidh an t-airgead seo an deis don chlub an Ghaeilge a chur chun cinn i measc na baill, an pobal áitiúil agus do thurasóirí sa cheantair.”“These two grants will go hand in hand to bring the golf club up to a great standard and help the members to continue the great work they are doing promoting the Irish language among local people and visitors.” The grants were approved by the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht as part of the Government’s Action Plan 2018-2022 for Irish, which was launched in June 2018.Equipment funding of more than €12,000 granted to Gaoth Dobhair Golf Club was last modified: February 11th, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Donegal fundinggolfGweedore Golf ClubJoe McHugh
Holbrook wins two individual events for TigersBy Paul LeckerSports ReporterMARSHFIELD — Marshfield won five of the 11 events and came up short, losing a nonconference dual meet to Onalaska/Holmen/Aquinas 94-76 in girls swimming action Thursday at Marshfield High School.Marshfield senior Elizabeth Holbrook was part of four of the five wins for the Tigers. She won the 200-yard individual medley in 2:27.88 and the 100 breastroke in 1:14.02, and she was part of the 200 medley relay (2:05.27) and 200 freestyle relay (1:55.28) that also won for Marshfield. Megan Donahue, Ryenne Zee, and Erika Roeglin were also part of both winning relays.Zee accounted for the other Tigers’ win as she finished first in the 100 butterfly in 1:06.92. She took second in the 50 freestyle in 28.12 seconds. Donahue also had a second-place finish in the 100 backstroke (1:09.45).Marshfield was without one of its top swimmers, Sophia Koehn, who was out due to illness.The Tigers will return to action Sept. 10 at the Rhinelander Invitational.(Hub City Times Sports Reporter Paul Lecker is also the publisher of MarshfieldAreaSports.com.)VarsityOnalaska/Holmen/Aquinas 94, Marshfield 76(Winners and Marshfield finishers)200 medley relay: 1. Marshfield (Megan Donahue, Elizabeth Holbrook, Ryenne Zee, Erika Roeglin) 2:05.27.200 freestyle: 1. Becky Pulvermacher (OHA) 2:19.13; 3. Grace Hilbelink (MAR) 2:30.92; 4. Morgan Nordbeck (MAR) 2:36.40; 5. Elise Ashby (MAR) 2:36.58.200 IM: 1. Holbrook (MAR) 2:27.88; 3. Valerie Kushnir (MAR) 2:41.61; 6. Malina Barker (MA) 2:58.33.50 freestyle: 1. Claire Hale (OHA) 27.13; 2. Zee (MAR) 28.12; 3. Donahue (MAR) 28.89; 4. Roeglin (MAR) 29.06.100 butterfly: 1. Zee (MAR) 1:06.92; 5. April Read 9MAR) 1:18.46.100 freestyle: 1. Eva Marchiando (OHA) 1:03.26; 3. Roeglin (MAR) 1:05.18; 5. Elizabeth Lecker (MAR) 1:08.37; 6. Nordbeck (MAR) 1:13.08.500 freestyle: 1. Pulvermacher (OHA) 6:02.72; 3. Madi Hall (MAR) 6:29.41; 5. Emily Hopperdietzel (MAR) 6:44.69.200 freestyle relay: 1. Marshfield (Roeglin, Donahue, Holbrook, Zee) 1:55.28.100 backstroke: 1. Hale (OHA) 1:07.66; 2. Donahue (MAR) 1:09.45; 5. Hopperdietzel (MAR) 1:20.38; 5. Barker (MAR) 1:21.34.100 breaststroke: 1. Holbrook (MAR) 1:14.02; 3. Hilbelink (MAR) 1:26.81; 5. Ashby (MAR) 1:30.25.400 freestyle relay: 1. Onalaska (Sayge Stojadinovic, Pulvermacher, Marciando, Jen Laux) 4:20.46; 2. Marshfield (Ashby, Kushnir, Barker, Hall) 4:34.13; 5. Marshfield (Nordbeck, Riya Bolander, McKenzie Wilsmann, Ariel Fernandez) 5:05.50.—JVNo team scores(Winners and Marshfield finishers)200 medley relay: 1. Marshfield (Nordbeck, Ashby, Read, Kate Konrardy) 2:39.33.200 freestyle: 1. Wilsmann (MAR) 2;55.8..200 IM: 1. Fernandez (MAR) 2:57.31; 2. Bolander (MAR) 3:05.02.50 freestyle: 1. Read (MAR) 30.84; 2. Lecker (MAR) 32.12; 3. Mary Ann Stangl (MAR) 34.58.100 butterfly: 1. Erika Kay Tsumagari (OHA) 1:20.28; 2. Fernandez (MAR) 1:21.17.100 freestyle: 1. Maggie Stangl (MAR) 1:12.40; 2. Ana Paape (MAR) 1:14.30; 4. Cassidy Kolstad (MAR) 1:19.36.200 freestyle relay: 1. Marshfield (Mag. Stangl, Kolstad, Kaycee Irwin, Bolander) 2:18.28; 2. Marshfield (Paape, Hopperdietzel, Olivia Corrigall, M.A. Stangl) 2:28.35.100 backstroke: 1. Mag. Stangl (MAR) 1:28.01; 3. Corrigall (MAR) 1:52.87.100 breaststroke: 1. Helen Hale (OHA) 1:27.72; 2. Bolander (MAR) 1:34.65; 3. Paape (MAR) 1:39.46; 4. Gracia Sandok (MAR) 1:47.54.400 freestyle relay: 1. Marshfield (Mag. Stangl, Kolstad, Paape, M.A. Stangl) 5:15. 46; 3. Marshfield (Irwin, Konrardy, Hopperdietzel, Sandok) 5:34.67.
Public approval of the U. S. Congress has been at an all-time low in recent years, hovering around 15% in opinion polls. What could representatives do to boost their numbers? A new study suggests that a few kind words towards fellow citizens could make all the difference. Researchers’ computers analyzed all 123,927,807 words spoken during sessions of the House of Representatives between 1996 and 2014 using publicly available online transcripts and matched them against a dictionary of 127 words or word stems with “prosocial” meanings—that is, words that connoted kindness or cooperation. The team found that the more members of Congress who used such words overall, the higher the approval ratings Congress received in polls 6 months later. And, as the researchers report online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, even a little nastiness could be devastating to congressional popularity. Thus, a 19% decrease in prosocial language routinely led to a 75% drop in approval ratings. (The researchers controlled for external events that might affect the results, such as the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks or the economic crisis of 2008.) The team suggests two possible ways that the public learns how nice their representatives are being: Directly, by watching C-SPAN (which 57% of the voting population does at least once per week), or indirectly, through news media coverage of congressional sessions. Which words led to the biggest approval increases? Gentle, involve, educate, contribute, concerned, give, tolerate, trust, and, of course, cooperate. Politicians, take heed!
Ed. note: I know this was a few days ago now, but I loved Mike Gundy’s post-TCU press conference, and Clint Davison kindly transcribed it for us. It’s a jewel (among jewels).No Monday presser this week, so let’s take a look back at Coach’s thoughts post-TCU annihilation. Let’s just start with this: he came to the podium eating a banana! Yes, mullet, visor…and a banana!Opening Comments• “First I’m going to say that was the best defensive effort, game plan, execution, tackling against some pretty elusive skill players, that I’ve seen in a long, long time.”• “Second thing is, we averaged 8 yards a carry rushing the football. And, I don’t think we had a turnover, did we? We did? We turned it over? Oh yeah, that’s right. So, we had one turnover. And they had two picks, so we won the turnover, got 8 yards a carry, and tackled well in space and that really kind of sums up what happened.”• “We were throwing the ball ok, not great. But, they were playing back pretty far in defending the past, especially with James.” (Takes bite of banana.) “Thankfully, we evolved and we can run the football pretty well now, along with tremendous defensive play and that allowed us to play really well. I’m very proud of our running backs, the way they’re running. Offensive line play, you know, I always try and tell you without watching the tape – I think it was pretty dang good. I don’t think we turned many guys loose and I think we created some running lanes.”Questions• What’s the difference between the end of season last year and this year? “Last year we got beat up and got a little tired. We also just didn’t play very well. We got out of position last year, and we got out of position against some really good teams – which makes it really bad.• Very interesting here: “We’ve adjusted our practice routine from last year. We’re considerably less overall and I think that it paid off for us today. We’re about 14 hours cumulative on-field practice time than we were at this time last year. You say, ‘It doesn’t seem like a lot.’ Well it is if it’s 15 minutes a day, 4 days a week. I think, knock on wood, it’s helped us from an injury standpoint and our players seem like they’re fresh. But, their attitude’s tremendous.”• What did you do to contain Kenny Hill? “I thought we would see a little more option, and read/zone concept than what we saw. That was just our guess.”• How satisfying to you is the improved run game? “I told our team that in 2006, 7, 8 and 9, that’s how we used to finish games. That’s what we were known for around here for a long time. When we’re not running the ball decent, it’s really hard on me. But, we’ve come a long ways, we were patient, we’ve built systems that allowed us to take full advantage of the players that we have. We created running lanes. Our Cowboy-backs were fantastic – they make it go. They chop people up. It makes it a lot easier for me to sleep when we know we can run the ball a little.”• How much has Carson’s development impacted the running game? “The attitude he brings to the game, in the running game – he’s a completely different person than he was last year, and I told the team that. He’s going to be in an NFL camp now, in my opinion.”• How would you describe who he is now? “He’s a pretty good running back now. I cautioned our team about listening to the outside after the 2nd and 3rd game of the year. I cautioned them again about listening to the outside when people are going to start telling them how good they are. But I felt comfortable in telling our team and Chris Carson today that he’s the most improved player on our team. He’s grown up a lot as a young man because it’s not easy to look past people saying, ‘What happened to you?’ He’s running like the guy we recruited now.”• This seems like one of those games that was won at the line of scrimmage on both sides: “It’s kind of fun to watch those games now. In this league we see so many of the other, and it was real chess match going on in the 1st half with all four staffs going against each other – offense/defense, offense/defense…and I enjoyed it. I thought we made great adjustments at the half. It’s just nice to watch a game played like that.”• What about Justice setting the freshman single-season rushing record? Does it surprise you he’s still running this hard as a true freshman? “It does. His savior was Chris Carson. If Chris wouldn’t have been able to come back, I just don’t know if his body could take it at this point. Not necessarily the hits, but just the fatigue it takes. Those freshmen run into a wall. He didn’t really run into it this year, but 2-3 games ago he slowed down a little bit. He just wasn’t quite himself it looked like, and he’s re-energized. And Chris Carson’s allowed for that to happen.”• Does their play remind you of Joe Randle and Jeremy Smith? “Sure does – that’s kind of what we’re getting out of them. You know, for a while there we were using Kendall (Hunter) and (Keith) Toston the same way. Toston was a lot like Chris, and Justice is a lot like, you know, shifty and a different kind of runner.They’re pretty impressive with their ability to come off tackles and keep their balance. Justice has the unique ability to have has body at more of a 45 degree lean and not go to the ground. And then Chris’ ability to run guys over and stay on his feet – that last run, he ran two guys over – that’s not easy to do. But, I will say this: I thought our offensive line play today was fantastic.”• How much better do you feel about going into Norman in two weeks than you felt last year? “Last year, in the latter part of the season, we were beat up. We were really beat up on defense – we were tired. Mason had a broken foot the latter part of the year. That’s not a good combination. So, I feel better about our team.”“I’m almost sure the only thing we got today was Kirk Tucker had a little turned ankle. (Jordan) Burton didn’t play today. We’re going to give him another 10 days off and then we should get him back full speed. Chad Whitener was in there some. So I feel better about where we’re at right now.”• Is the bye week “well timed”? “Well, I think it’s well time because it’s here and you can’t do anything about it. It is what it is. We lose a week in recruiting – I’ve not been a big fan of this. We’ll only have six days to recruit prior to the dead period. Obviously the conference is doing it this way to compete with the championship games. Obviously they’ve made a good call up to this point.”• Will the momentum carry over? “This team, I told you guys 6 weeks ago, they changed completely. They create an identity for themselves. I have a lot of confidence in them right now. I like where they’re at. I think they care about each other. Their attitude and body language is tremendous. They play the next play – they don’t worry about the last play. They didn’t come in here with any fear, they didn’t show any frustration and they didn’t show any fatigue.”• How about Chris Lacy’s play of late? “He’s still tremendous in the blocking game. That big run we had he was huge on the safety. It’s really nice to see young men that work hard and don’t get a lot of accolades – good things happen to them. He’s become a real weapon for us, not only in the blocking game but he’s making plays in the throwing game.”• Since the (1) 2 loss(es), what about the turnaround in your team? “You don’t’ get to 10 wins very often. Double-digits is a pretty special place to be. The one thing they did is, they stayed focused and they didn’t budge. You know, you go to Kansas State, you go to TCU, it’s not easy. You play a No. 10 ranked team in the country at home, it’s not easy. You play Texas Tech with Mahomes, it’s not easy. I just like where they’re at.“They train 342 days out of the year to get to this point. They don’t get very many days off, so they understand that and they don’t take it for granted. It’s all about them – it’s not the coaches – it’s their team. I have to say I agree with you – it’s been a heckuva transition from that point in the season.”• Did you handle that Shane Richards elbow pretty good? “Yeah, you know, I think it was his glove or something! I was ok with it. You know, I hadn’t been hit that hard since my wife did that to me a week ago! But, that was a pretty good blow there for me. You know – I’m old. I can’t take many blows like that.” What did you do to you wife to get that? “I just asked if there was dinner! In this generation, you can’t even ask for dinner! I said, ‘Well a guy deserves it.’ And she said, ‘Well I’m busy – fix it yourself.’” And that’s why we love him!• This is the 4th time in 6 years you’re playing for the conference title. Will you do anything differently? “Not really. We’re in better shape than we were. We did not play well on defense last year late, but we were beat up. I know we’re healthier and our team’s playing with a lot of confidence. We’re going to play a good team – playing a team that’s hot right now and playing really good. It’ll be a great challenge for us, but the guys have worked hard and they’re there. We’ll be there in two weeks.”• Do you allow yourself to think about where you’d be if it weren’t for the CMU loss game? “Well, we did get the win; nobody will ever convince me we didn’t get the win. But, yes and no. The reason I don’t is because I tell the team not to. But, I know Kirby (Hocutt) had mentioned that the committee feels a certain way about that game, but I think Kirby’s playing poker and that they see us as a 10-win team. That’s just my opinion.” While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. 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YouTube/USCAthleticsClay Helton may not be the guy that USC fans and former players want, but it is clear that he is extremely popular with players on the team. This morning, Helton had his interim tag removed by athletic director Pat Haden. USC released video of Haden introducing Helton as full-time head coach to the team, and the Trojans went absolutely nuts. That’s a pretty awesome sight. Now, Helton and the Trojans have to shift their focus to Stanford, who they face in this weekend’s Pac-12 title. Stanford defeated USC 41-31 earlier in the year, when Steve Sarkisian was still coaching the team.
CHARLIE LAKE, B.C. – Shortly after 3:30 p.m. on Tuesday afternoon, September 24, the Charlie Lake Fire Department responded to a report of a travel trailer fire at Teak Creek Estates.According to the Fire Department, upon arrival, the front half of the trailer was fully engulfed, but the fire was quickly brought under control and extinguished.14 firefighters were on scene to attend the fire, with the use of Engine 1, Engine 2, Tender 1, and Tender 2. As a result of the fire, no injuries were reported.
Let us not miss the big idea. With no buzz around the Environment Ministry’s announcement of the Cooling Action Plan — A 20-year roadmap to address cooling requirements in buildings, cold chain, transport and refrigeration — the first-ever push for adaptive thermal comfort standards for buildings to reduce energy guzzling has gone unnoticed. This idea must get scripted as a regulation quickly to not let it fall by the wayside. This has broadened the regulatory ambit: From only quicker uptake of energy-efficient cooling technologies to the adoption of passive architectural and bioclimatic options for reducing the heat load on buildings and cutting down unnecessary energy-intensive cooling for delivery of comfort for all. Also Read – A special kind of bondBuilding operations and adaptive behaviour change to reduce demand for active cooling are now on the table. Design can improve indoor comfort and reduce operational hours or need for mechanical cooling in buildings. This can be a game changer in the way buildings get designed in the future. This has to work for the poor. The new Plan has recommended thermal comfort strategies for affordable housing projects under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana for the economically weaker section. This is important for the affordable housing sector and low-income housing where the current focus is only on speed and ease of construction, disregarding comfort requirements of the poor. Also Read – Insider threat managementComfort delivery through design and system approach is necessary for lower-income groups. United Nations has proposed comfort as a human rights issue. It is not necessary to pull down the standard for poor people if the design and material solutions are available. It has taken a while to acknowledge this idea. When the original Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) was scripted to govern energy efficiency in buildings, formal requirement of passive architectural systems for low-energy solutions to provide thermal comfort in buildings was weak. The revised version of ECBC has introduced Energy Performance Index (EPI) score for all designs to be used as a benchmark to track the operational energy performance of buildings. But there is no mechanism to ensure that building operators continue to maintain EPI score awarded at the completion of the construction. Another addition is the regulating indoor temperature threshold for Heating Ventilation and Air-conditioning design to prevent energy penalty. This refers to Indian Adaptive Comfort Model for better energy efficiency in thermal comfort delivery. But this stops short of preventing unnecessary cooling or heating of indoors in disregard of outdoor weather conditions and realistic thermal comfort expectations of occupants. The new approach should help address the gaps. Taming the AC The Cooling Action Plan has also asked for minimum temperature set points for operation of an air conditioner to be based on adaptive thermal comfort. It states categorically that this is needed to shift behavioural and psychological change towards adaptive thermal comfort practices. It proposes that ECBC and National Building Code (NBC), in their next revision cycles, should mandatorily be between 24 degree Celsius and 26 degree Celsius with corresponding temperature guidelines. This is important as space cooling for buildings is already using up 60 per cent of total energy supply to buildings, with only 8 per cent of households using air conditioning. Earlier the Ministry of Power had proposed to fix the starting temperature of room air conditioners at 24 degrees, as against the currently popular practice or switch ON temperature at 18-20 degrees. Set-point control can make users more aware of the energy penalty due to very low set points. With just one degree drop in operational AC temperature, the energy penalty can be up to 6 per cent. The power ministry has estimated that this voluntary move by all can save 20 billion kilowatt hours of electricity in a year. Even globally, there is growing interest in not binding solutions only to energy-efficient cooling or heating technologies but to allow richer bouquet of design solutions for indoor comfort. Japan has recommended 28 degrees and bush shirt rules for offices. China, Hong Kong, South Korea and the UK are adopting similar approaches. California does not allow set points below 26 degrees for summer and heating above 20 for winter. Australia is more nuanced — 20 degrees to 28 degrees depending on the local climate; buildings are designed to provide indoor temperature conditions of 28 degrees most of the time. Air conditioning comes on when indoor temperature conditions are breached — the systems can reduce or extend non-AC hours to meet comfortable conditions and promote acclimatisation abilities. Under the Cool UN programme, summer temperature set points have been changed from 22.2-25 degrees. Demystify and act Now that the idea of adaptive thermal comfort standards has been mooted, it needs public support and action. The new plan has asked the Bureau of Indian Standards to frame these standards. The NBC in its 2016 version has adopted a dynamic approach that models indoor temperature in relation to the optimum range of outdoor temperature at which occupiers are expected to feel comfortable. These ranges have been developed separately for naturally ventilated buildings, mixed mode buildings with different types of cooling systems, and air-conditioned buildings. Supported by the research of the Centre for Advanced Research in Building Science and Energy, CEPT University, the concept of the mixed-mode building is gaining ground. They have worked out the comfort ranges for naturally ventilated, mixed mode buildings and air-conditioned buildings that have informed the NBC. For example, when outside mean running temperature condition is 35 degrees, people in a mixed-mode building can have a comfort range of 24.2-1.1 degrees. But in an air-conditioned building the comfort range is much narrower — 24.5-27.5 degrees. The mixed mode offers more opportunity for adaptive comfort and low energy solutions. It is not easy to regulate human thermal comfort as it involves indoor and ambient temperature along with environmental variables — temperature, humidity, heat radiation and air movement — and human variables — clothing and an individual’s metabolism rate. Experts talk about the “forgiveness factor” when people can disregard or ignore actual physical discomfort recognising the unique nature of their surroundings. Designers can fix envelop, design, insulation, and orientation to improve air movement and cut down radiant heat and usage of air conditioning. In the sensibly designed buildings, one can open a window, draw a blind, use shading, allow air movement, use fans, and change clothes to feel comfortable and adapt. Based on passive strategies and design, the sizing of cooling systems can be planned to meet thermal comfort goals. Designers can assess and forecast a comfort range of indoor temperature through seasons (which they do) but now more deliberately to reduce the operational time of air conditioning or the need of it. This will allow wider adaptive comfort range and temperature for building operation as opposed to a very narrow temperature band maintained in fully controlled air-conditioned buildings. This will give people greater control and ability to adjust to the indoor climate. People can play around with shade, wind speed and direction to maintain temperatures and comfort conditions. This makes way for low-energy solutions with bioclimatic strategies. This is the way forward to moderate demand for a highly energy intensive mechanical cooling. The new plan forecasts that cooling demand is expected to grow eight times by 2037-38, with space cooling in the building sector alone witnessing an 11-time increase. If not tamed, this can incite massive energy guzzling, worsening overall wellbeing and health. (The author is Executive Director, Research and Advocacy and head of the air pollution and clean transportation programme, campaigns for clean air and public health, Centre for Science and Environment. The views expressed are strictly personal)
New Delhi: The BJP on Sunday stepped up its ‘Main bhi chowkidar’ campaign with Prime Minister Narendra Modi and other party leaders, including its president Amit Shah, prefixing the word ‘chowkidar’ to their names in their Twitter profile as they sought people’s support in the Lok Sabha elections. Party leaders, many of them Union ministers and chief ministers, also put out short advertisement videos showing that people from different walks of life have turned ‘chowkidar’ (watchman) to do their bit for the country like Modi. Also Read – Encounter under way in Pulwama, militant killedModi’s Twitter profile identified him as “Chowkidar Narendra Modi” and similar was the case with other BJP leaders as they launched a coordinated campaign. “As Chowkidars of our nation, we are committed to creating a clean economy by using cashless financial transactions. The menace of corruption and black money has adversely affected us for decades. Time to eliminate these for a better future. #MainBhiChowkidar #ChowkidarPhirSe,” Railway Minister Piyush Goyal tweeted. Shah tweeted a campaign video to highlight people’s efforts to keep their surroundings clean. Modi had Saturday urged his supporters to take the ‘main bhai chowkidar’ (I too am watchman) pledge, saying he is not alone in the fight against graft and social evils. “Your Chowkidar is standing firm & serving the nation. …,” he wrote on Twitter.
Brussels – The Moroccan-Spanish relations are very strong and involve a vast array of fields, said on Monday in Brussels, Spanish Foreign Minister Jose Manuel Garcia-Margallo.“Our relationship is very strong and touch on a vast array of issues, both politically and economically,” said Margallo after his meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Salaheddine Mezouar.Besides bilateral relations, the discussions turned on the decision taken on Monday by seven European countries to establish a Mediterranean Group in order to tackle shared problems for both sides of the Mare Nostrum, including immigration and Economic development, he said. This group, formed by Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Malta, will discuss with the countries of the southern Mediterranean, including Morocco, these various problems to find appropriate responses.