A recall has been issued for DG/health NATURALS baby Cough Syrup + Mucus. The product, is being recalled by Kingston Pharma, LLC, and has the potential to contain a bacteria that can cause two different types of illness, according to the Centers for Disease Control. One of them is characterized by vomiting and the other by diarrhea. The products were sold nationwide in Dollar General stores and have an expiration date of 11/20. If you purchased the cough syrup, you can return it where you bought it for a full refund.
18 September 2013 South Africa’s Kelvin van der Linde, one of the two youngest drivers in the competition, will go into the final round of the international VW Scirocco R-Cup in Hockenheim in Germany on 19 October sitting in first place in the Championship standings. He went into the event on the back of four wins and increased his lead in the standings by taking second place in Saturday’s opening race behind Denmark’s Kasper Jensen. ‘Everything went wrong’“Absolutely everything went wrong in Sunday’s race,” he added. “I wanted to play it safe because of the Cup title. Then I came into contact with another car and got the drive-through penalty. “All in all, I was too cautious and didn’t take enough risks. I’ll come back stronger in Hockenheim. I want to claim this title.” SAinfo reporter Commenting on his performances on the weekend afterwards, Van der Linde said: “At the beginning of Saturday’s race, I tried to attack Kasper. But then I took a conservative approach to the whole thing and stopped taking risks. After all, what I really want is to win the championship and it’s looking very positive on that front. Most recently, the 17-year-old was in action at Oschersleben in Germany over the weekend. Mid-race accidentHowever, a poor 15th place in race two on Sunday saw his lead reduced. Van der Linde began the race in seventh place on the grid and was aiming to put the Championship beyond doubt. A mid-race accident, when he was lying sixth and on course to wrap up that title, put paid to those hopes. With one race remaining and a maximum of 60 points on offer, Van der Linde leads the standings with 290 points to Jensen’s 247 and fellow South African Jordan Pepper’s 232. Instead, Van der Linde was handed a drive-through penalty after race officials deemed that he had pushed another competitor. Post-race viewing of the video footage showed that the other car had spun in front of Van der Linde and that contact was unintentional. A victory in the Volkswagen-backed series would almost certainly open doors to an international racing career for the young South African. What it means is that Van der Linde needs to finish the season’s last race in 12th place to win the world’s only single-make championship powered by natural gas.
Hot zone Reindeer will be slaughtered in Nordfjella, Norway; no culling is recommended for the area near Trondheim where two moose with chronic wasting disease have been found. By Erik StokstadApr. 3, 2017 , 5:30 PM CWD, discovered in 1967, has been found in 24 U.S. states and two Canadian provinces, and it has been spread in part by shipments of infected animals. Many species of cervids are susceptible, including elk, moose, and several kinds of deer. Infected animals typically begin showing symptoms such as weight loss, lethargy, and drooling 2 to 3 years after infection and then die within months. In Wyoming, where CWD has been endemic for decades, up to 40% of some herds are infected, and white-tailed deer populations are declining by 10% a year.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)CWD is very contagious: Prions spread easily through saliva, urine, and feces, and can linger in the environment for years, which suggests that feeding stations and salt licks are hot spots of infection. Once the disease has become firmly established, environmental contamination makes eradication very hard, says Christina Sigurdson, a prion researcher at the University of California, San Diego. “It hasn’t been shown so far to be possible,” she says. There’s no evidence that humans can get sick from eating infected deer, but it is not recommended. (Mad cow disease, also caused by prions, can infect people who eat contaminated meat and has caused more than 200 deaths so far.)Norway’s first CWD case was detected by chance after wildlife biologists working in the rugged mountains of Nordfjella found a sick young reindeer on 15 March 2016. After its death, tests at the Norwegian Veterinary Institute (NVI) in Oslo pointed to CWD. “I couldn’t believe it,” says NVI prion researcher Sylvie Benestad. But international reference labs confirmed her diagnosis. The prions resemble those found in North American deer, Benestad and her colleagues have found. How the disease got to Norway is a mystery. Prions may have arrived in deer urine, which is bottled in the United States and sold as a lure, or perhaps they hitched a ride on hiking boots or hunting gear. But prion diseases can also start spontaneously, after proteins begin to misfold in a single individual, and Benestad’s hunch is that this is a more likely scenario. After the initial discovery, Norwegian officials began looking for other cases. A local hunter found two moose with CWD near the town of Selbu, 40 kilometers southeast of Trondheim (see map), in May 2016. During last fall’s hunting season, thousands of hunters and other volunteers collected about 8000 brain samples from all over the country, turning up two more cases of infected reindeer near Nordfjella. The cases in Nordfjella and Selbu are likely not linked, says Benestad, as the reindeer and moose have different types of prions. Norwegian Institute for Nature Research A year after a deadly and highly contagious wildlife disease surfaced in Norway, the country is taking action. Chronic wasting disease (CWD), caused by misfolded proteins called prions, has already ravaged deer and elk in North America, costing rural economies millions in lost revenue from hunting. Its presence in Norway’s reindeer and moose—the first cases in Europe—is “a very serious situation for the environment and for our culture and traditions,” says Bjørnar Ytrehus, a veterinary researcher at the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research in Trondheim.Last week, Norway’s minister of agriculture and food gave the green light for hunters to kill off the entire herd in which three infected individuals were found, about 2000 reindeer, or nearly 6% of the country’s wild population. “We have to take action now,” says Karen Johanne Baalsrud, director of plant and animal health at the Norwegian Food Safety Authority in Oslo. The deer’s habitat will be quarantined for at least 5 years to prevent reinfection. The odds of a successful eradication, experts say, will depend largely on how long CWD has been present in Norway. CREDITS: (GRAPHIC) G. GRULLÓN/SCIENCE; (DATA) NORWEGIAN VETERINARY INSTITUTE/NORWEGIAN ENVIRONMENT AGENCY Norway plans to exterminate a large reindeer herd to stop a fatal infectious brain disease This reindeer is one of three confirmed to have had chronic wasting disease, the first cases known in the wild outside North America. An advisory panel convened by the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety last week suggested different approaches for the two locations. Around Selbu, it recommended increased surveillance, but no culling of moose yet. The two infected moose were older animals, suggesting that these were cases of spontaneous disease, which are less likely to be infectious. (The reason why: In spontaneous cases of prion disease, such as in sheep, prions are only found in the brain.) And even even if the unusual prions in moose are contagious, the solitary nature of these animals lowers the chances of transmission.Reindeer, however, are the most gregarious of cervids, and the three sick individuals in Nordfjella could easily have spread prions. Culling the entire herd would be “drastic,” the panel acknowledged, but should be attempted as soon as possible. The slaughter, to start in August, will be carried out by amateur hunters, who can eat the meat if prion tests come back negative. Professional sharpshooters will be used to find any elusive survivors. “We will do whatever it takes,” says Erik Lund, a senior wildlife adviser at the Norwegian Environment Agency in Trondheim. Until the operation begins, wildlife rangers are patrolling to prevent animals from leaving or entering the herd’s 2000-square-kilometer habitat. The area is ringed by paved roads, which reindeer don’t like to cross, but if any do, the rangers have orders to track down and kill them. Repopulation won’t begin until at least 2022. Benestad says testing old feces may be a way to check whether prions lingering in the environment have degraded.Based on the prevalence in Nordfjella—estimated at 1%—Lund guesses that CWD may have been present for only 5 to 7 years, which could mean contamination is minimal. “There’s a good chance they can solve the problem,” says wildlife ecologist Michael Samuel of the University of Wisconsin in Madison. Quick response has been shown to work before: In 2005, routine testing revealed CWD on two deer farms in central New York. Strict regulations prevented the disease from spreading. The state has seen no cases since.But it’s also possible that CWD is lurking elsewhere in Norway, the panel noted. The agencies will collect another 20,000 samples in the coming hunting season, and they plan to continue monitoring for years to come. The specter of CWD has also alarmed the European Food Safety Authority, which released a report in January recommending that seven nearby countries all begin 3-year sampling programs.Clarification, 4 April, 4.20 p.m.: The paragraph explaining why no culling is planned around Selbu has been edited to make it clearer.
Oklahoma State2.0954 While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up. We have all seen the number by now. And if you haven’t, here it is.Fewest points allowed per game in bowls by Power5 conference may shock some folks: Big12: 21.5; ACC: 22.3; SEC: 25.4; Pac12: 29.2; B1G: 29.8— Bruce Feldman (@BruceFeldmanCFB) January 3, 2017The Big 12 played some defense in its bowl games. Some serious defense.Baylor 31 — Boise State 12Oklahoma State 38 — Colorado 8Kansas State 31 — Texas A&M 28Oklahoma 35 — Auburn 19Georgia 31 — TCU 28Miami 31 — West Virginia 14Combined, those six Big 12 opponents averaged 32 points a game throughout the year. They averaged just over 20 in the six bowl games played against Big 12 teams. Granted, the only big-time bowl was the Sugar Bowl which saw OU hammer Auburn, but this is still impressive. Only Georgia was better than its season average (24).Oklahoma State defensive coordinator Glenn Spencer has long been fed up with the #nationalnarrative that the Big 12 doesn’t have good defenses. Maybe, you know, they just have better offenses. This is a circular argument, of course, and there is no right answer. The bowl season doesn’t necessarily prove that the Big 12’s defenses are great, but it does show that maybe there is more to the conversation than what is normally presented.“There is no national discussion on that and I’m always wanting to take up for my kids,” Spencer told Robert Allen of GoPokes.com this week. “We played against some of the best big-play and most explosive offenses in the country and nobody else will try to get those facts out. The agenda is out and people are going to listen or put out whatever supports their agenda.”The OSU defense Spencer captained allowed 2.09 points per drive on the season which ranked No. 54 in the country. But it also faced five of the top 35 offenses in the nation in generating points per drive. Georgia State2.1559 North Carolina2.1860 “All of a sudden the national contenders (championship game) have a game like that and it’s revolutionary,” added to Allen. “They are blaming offenses for keeping a defense on the field so long and I’m thinking, ‘hey buddy, try doing that for 12 weeks out of the year.’“When we put out [tweets with defensive stats], Robert, that’s for recruiting,” Spencer concluded to GoPokes.com. “That is for those recruits we’re getting hammered with, these national kids that are maybe getting recruited by a couple of other conferences out there. You have to show them this is why we do what we do and this what we have to do to win, so it’s not always what that person that is recruiting against you is saying. We need to get some more good players in this league.”It’s true that there is a deficit of pros on defense in the Big 12 when compared to, say, the SEC. But there is also a deficit of pros at QB in the SEC. That slices both ways. It just depends on how you want to look at it. There is not a right answer when it comes to arguing conferences and styles. But there are multiple ways to win football games. Something I think more people need to recognize on a national level. Southern Mississippi2.1558 Army2.1357 Notre Dame2.0955 TeamPPDRank Old Dominion2.1356 Texas2.2261
Welcome to this week’s all-sports roundup featuring the non-revenue sports like tennis and softball that still deserve our attention. A look back at how they performed over the last week.Cowboy TennisAfter a nine-year drought, the Cowboys earned an invitation back to the ITA Indoor Championships in Charlottesville, Virginia. The tournament provides tremendous opportunity to improve your NCAA tournament resume against quality out of conference opponents.In round one, OSU scored their first upset of the season taking down No. 7 Northwestern (4-2). The monumental victory was capped by No. 32 Julian Cash (OSU) taking down No. 25 Strong Kirchheimer in a three set heavyweight battle to give the Cowboys the victory.First upset of the weekend as 11-seed @CowboyTennis tops 6-seed Northwestern 4-2!#ITAIndoors pic.twitter.com/RGoDgL1qcq— ITA Tennis (@ITA_Tennis) February 17, 2017The Cowboys advanced to the quarterfinal were they met undefeated No. 3 Ohio State. In the battle of OSUs, an experienced Buckeyes squad blitzed the Cowboys in all facets of the match. The Cowboys fell 4-0 to Ohio State and were banished to the losers bracket to face No. 10 Texas in a rare out-of-conference meeting with the Big 12 rival.Although the Cowboy’s won the doubles point, the Longhorns dominated the singles portion and won the match 4-2. This is the first time this season the Cowboys have lost the match after winning the doubles point. A bright spot in the match was Julian Cash scoring another upset in tournament, this time defeating No. 5 Christian Sigsgaard on Court 1.Next up for the Cowboys (8-3) is a weekend in Big Ten country facing Minnesota on Friday and a rematch with Northwestern on Sunday.Cowgirl TennisThe rigorous road for the Cowgirls continued this past weekend in Florida with matches against No. 5 Stanford and No. 1 Florida.The Cowgirls dropped the first match of the weekend to Stanford 4-1 after jumping out to an early 1-0 lead. This was the first time the Cowgirls have faced Stanford since last season’s national championship match in which the Cowgirls fell in Tulsa in a close match, 4-3.Final practices underway w/ @OSUAthletics & @GoStanford tonight at the @usta #NationalCampus#CollegeMatchDayESPN3: https://t.co/sqX1C001eK pic.twitter.com/g9MFVokuaE— Tim Cass (@timcass_usta) February 17, 2017A difficult task awaited the Cowgirls on Sunday as they faced the No. 1 Gators and their 130(!) home match winning streak. The ladies put up a valiant effort falling 4-2 in a really close match. No doubt the last week facing five ranked opponents will prove to be invaluable experience come tournament time.The ladies will come back home and enjoy two weeks off before going back at it on March 3rd in Seattle.Cowgirl BasketballLooking to win in Waco for the first time since 2008, the Cowgirls headed down to the Lone Star state to take on No. 4 Baylor. The Cowgirls (14-12, 4-11) kept it much closer than their 36-point loss in Stillwater. Too much firepower propelled the Bears to a 89-67 win, keeping their Big 12 title hopes alive.Next up for the ladies is a home tilt against against Texas Tech on Wednesday at 7 p.m. in GIA.Cowgirl SoftballCowgirl Tennis wasn’t the only group of OSU gals in the Sunshine State. The softball Cowgirls were in Clearwater, Florida participating in the Michele Smith Pediatric Cancer Foundation Invitational.Tasked with playing five games in three days, the Cowgirls came away with a 2-3 weekend record with wins over Hofstra and Saint Joes. It wasn’t the tournament weekend results they had hoped for, but it looks like they still had a great time nonetheless.Thanks for all the fun in the sun this weekend, Clearwater. pic.twitter.com/kJ4y8i3qfE— Cowgirl Softball (@CowgirlSB) February 19, 2017Next up for the lady softballers is a cross country weekend trip to California to participate in the Mary Nutter Collegiate Classic starting Thursday, February 23. While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up.
New Delhi: Amid escalating tensions between India and Pakistan since the abrogation of Article 370 which ended the special status of Jammu and Kashmir, a bizarre video tweeted by a Pakistani journalist is going viral on social media and is leaving the netizens in splits. A day before Pakistan’s Defence Day on September 6, a Pakistani scribe shared a video on Twitter in which India skipper Virat Kohli is seen playing for the Men in Green. Naila Inayat tweeted a video with the caption: “Pakistan cricket team playing in Srinagar, Virat Kohli playing for Pakistan. Just some regular delusions, nothing else.” Also Read – Puducherry on top after 8-wkt win over Chandigarh Apart from Kohli, the likes of Shikhar Dhawan, Ravichandran Ashwin, and Ravindra Jadeja can also be seen in Pakistani colours. The video, which is set in 2025, begins with a scene of World T20 final at the Srinagar Cricket Stadium being played between Pakistan and England. Thereafter, the cricket commentator introduces the two openers for Pakistan as “two legendary batsmen Babar Azam and Virat Kohli”. The scene then shifts to a house where a family is watching the match. A girl then tells her dad: “Dekhna aaj toh Virat Kohli hi match jeetwayega (Virat Kohli will win us this match today, you will see).” To which her dad replies, “Virat Kohli na pehle India ki team mein hota tha (Virat Kohli used to be in Indian team).” To which the other kid replies with a surprised look and asks “Kaun India? (Who is India?).” The man doesn’t reply to the query and has a smirk on his face.
July 1, 2005 Welcome to June 26. workshop participants. [top row from left] Stephen Wong, Julian Lauzanna – seminar week, Leonard Podejko – seminar week, Aliza Murphy, Gabriel Barker – seminar week, Dwight Long, David DeGomez, Andrew Lu, Arah Joe Battista. [bottom row from left] Pierre-Antoine Moreno, Joseph Murray, Tania Garbe. [Photo & Text: Yuki Y]
Disney movie Inside OutSky has agreed a new multi-year deal with Disney UK and Ireland that will let viewers watch more Disney series than are currently available through catch up TV and on-demand.Through the deal, viewers will be able to watch more Disney Channels content on-demand, and will also be able to access ABC Studios drama and comedy series such as Scandal, Grey’s Anatomy and Scrubs via ABC Studios on demand through Sky Box Sets.Also included in the deal are first pay TV window Disney films. Sky Movies and Now TV Sky Movies pass customers will be able to watch movies like Inside Out, The Good Dinosaur and Star Wars: The Force Awakens around nine months after their release in cinemas.The Disney Channel, Disney XD and Disney Junior channels will also continue to be available through Sky’s subscription packages in both standard and high definition.Sky said the deal provides “even more flexibility for customers to watch where they want with Sky Go, the mobile TV service” and means viewers can get Disney movies, channels and on-demand content on more than 70 compatible devices including mobiles, tablets and games consoles.“Sky and Disney have been working together for almost 25 years. Our collaboration has continued to grow and the launch of the exclusive Sky Movies Disney channel two years ago has been a huge success,” said Gary Davey, managing director, content, Sky.Mark Endemaño, senior vice-president and general manager, media distribution, Disney EMEA said: “With our shared goal of bringing the highest quality, creative entertainment to audiences in the UK and Ireland in ever more flexible ways, we are extending our relationship with Sky to offer subscribers our movies, series, and our channels at home and on the go.”
Comstar Direct1,017,000833,000184,000 Basjinformsyvaz165,00077,00088,000 Central Telecommunication *1,010,800513,000497,800 InterZet173,68089,80083,880 OnLime98,000–98,0 Net additions 3Q08 The CSTB event held in Moscow this February will highlight key trends in the Russian and CIS pay-TV and broadband industries. Informa’s latest Eastern Europe TV report and World Broadband Information Service provide a snapshot into this evolving market.Russia is home to a vibrant but underdeveloped pay-TV market, in which ownership of TV companies is concentrated into a few conglomerates. Major investment is occurring in network upgrades covering cable, IPTV and DTT, while the number of DTH subs continues to grow rapidly. Numerous telcos now offer triple-play packages and in many cases the quality of their TV offerings surpass that of cable operators. However, cable investment is booming, which is leading to consolidation amongst the 600 or so operators.CableWhilst definitive data for the number of cable subscribers in Russia is difficult to come by, Informa Telecoms & Media estimates that there were around 18.7 million at the end of 2008. However, the country’s pay-TV market needs to be put into perspective – about 70% of subscribers only take a ‘social package’ of terrestrial channels, which doesn’t cost much. In Moscow, for example, people pay on average US$1.50 (€1.05) per month for such services, and that falls to just US$0.20 in the regions. However, triple-play packages are proving particularly popular with cable subscribers, a fact that has seen the value of the cable market rise in recent years. The Russian cable TV Association has estimated that the combined value of the broadband and cable markets will reach US$4bn by the end of the year, compared with US$650m in 2007.Russia’s cable market is highly fragmented, with over 600 operators but context is again all-important as only 10% of these have more than 20,000 subs and just six companies control 60% of subscribers – consolidation is clearly likely to continue during the coming years.National Cable Networks (NCN) is part of National Telecommunications (NTK), which is itself owned by Russia’s National Media Group, and currently has the largest number of subscribers with over four million dispersed over eight cities. It provides cable TV and broadband services in Moscow (Mostelecom and OnLime) and St Petersburg (TKT) while its regional operations include Eltelekor in the city of Electrostal, near Moscow, and providers in Ekaterinburg, Novosibirsk and Kurgan.NCN launched the OnLime brand at the end of 2008 and by May 2009 its fibre-to-the-home network, which is being deployed alongside Mostelecom’s cable TV network, was accessible to about 43% of Moscow’s households. The company offers triple-play packages, including some HD channels and video-on-demand. Mostelecom’s hybrid cable/IP network reaches over three million subs. When network upgrades are complete, scheduled for this year, the operator is aiming to persuade 10% of its subscribers to take its 30-channel digital TV offering. TKT, meanwhile, covers 70% of St Petersburg’s households but the majority of subscribers still opt for the social package of channels.Russia’s second largest MSO, AFK Sistema, has interests in cable, IPTV and mobile TV. In February 2009, the ownership of all of AFK Sistema’s TV interests were placed under subsidiary Comstar-UTS, which also operates IPTV services. In early-2009, Comstar revealed that following its merger with Stream-TV and its affiliated companies in 40 cities across the country, the combined group served almost 2.1 million pay-TV subscribers, over one million internet subscribers and almost four million telephony customers. Stream alone had 1.8 million pay-TV subscribers at the end of 2008 but 390,000 only took the social package, which meant TV ARPU was just RUB123 (?2.87) in 2008, compared to RUB376 for broadband services.Comstar has already played a major role in consolidating Russia’s cable industry. Besides Sistema, last year it acquired regional assets of eight cable companies operating in various regions in the country as a result of internal restructuring. All companies were acquired from JIR Broadcast, a subsidiary of Comstar.Despite the company’s growth, and the success of its broadband offering, it’s worth noting that Comstar’s triple-play subscriber base fell by 3% quarter-on-quarter to 128,000 at the end of September, a result of price rises. ARPU for Comstar’s pay-TV services grew by 8%, however, as a low-cost package of channels was discontinued.In Moscow, Comstar owner Sistema holds a 50% stake in MMDS operator Kosmos TV, with transmission company Russian TV and RTRS owning the other half. Sistema is looking to take full control of Kosmos TV at which point it will shift from MMDS to HFC cable distribution to allow for triple-play services. Kosmos TV has 50,000 digital subscribers in greater Moscow, offering 70 TV channels in 12 languages, with the basic package containing 42 channels. It is planning to add HD channels following the completion of trials.Broadband/IPTVRussia has seen huge growth in broadband subscriber numbers, raising the possibility of IPTV making considerable inroads in the pay-TV market. Numerous telcos offer IPTV and triple-play packages, and are ahead of much of the cable sector in terms of service offers.By the end of the year, nearly 10 million people subscribed to broadband, an increase of 80% on the 5.14 million at end-2007. Moscow leads the way in terms of broadband penetration, standing at 62% at the end of 2008 but most future growth is expected to take place in the provinces.Despite the uptake of broadband, a clear ISP leader has yet to emerge, although Comstar reported 1.2 million broadband subs at end-September 2009, up 32% year-on-year. The operator has almost total control of last mile connections to households in Moscow and has been working on upgrading them to fibre. This year, Comstar expects three quarters of its Moscow network to be able to receive broadband speeds of up to 24Mbps.Split of TV households by platform (end-’08), Source: Informa Telecoms & MediaComstar-owned Stream had 205,000 broadband subs at end-2008, with ARPU reaching RUB376 (compared with RUB123 for TV services). However, broadband ARPU is falling generally as competition increases.Comstar launched IPTV services in May 2005, extending into Ukraine in 2008. By the end of September, it had 147,000 IPTV subs in Moscow and a further 150,000 in the regions. Residential broadband ARPU in Moscow was RUB319 during the third quarter of 2009, up 14% year-on-year.The operator currently owns 25% of Russia’s largest telecommunications holding company Svyazinvest, which in turn owns a number of subsidiaries including Volga Telecom, which reported 900,000 broadband subs by the end of the first half of 2009. During that time it introduced unlimited tariff plans.Another subsidiary, Central Telegraph, is developing a Universal Multi Service Network in Moscow under the QWERTY brand that already covers over 2.3 million apartments and since late 2006 has offered an IPTV service called QWERTY.TV. However, by the end of September 2009 it had attracted only 20,000 TV subs. Also owned by Svyazinvest, North-West Telecom (NWT) launched its IPTV service in April 2008 under the Avangard TV brand and had an estimated 4,100 IPTV subscribers by end-2008. Southern Telecommunications, another Svyazinvest asset, launched an IPTV service in late 2005 under the DiSeL-TV brand. The service is available to all of its broadband subscribers in the Krasnodar Kray, Rostov and Stavropol regions as well as the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria. It ended June 2008 with 234,900 broadband subscribers and 12,000 IPTV subs. Informa Telecoms & Media estimates that it had 17,000 IPTV subs by end-2008.VimpelCom, which operates a number of subsidiaries including Corbina Telecom and Golden Telecom, ended the third quarter of 2009 with 937,000 fixed line broadband subs and a further 896 mobile broadband customers. It has been rolling out fibre-to-the-building and the network now passes over 7.9 million households, 800,000 of which use it. ARPU from fixed line broadband services reached RUB404 by the end of September.Last May, VimpelCom launched IPTV services in Moscow using Microsoft Mediaroom technology, called Beeline TV, following trials conducted under the Corbina TV brand. The service includes DVR, video-on-demand with about 3,000 titles, and 125 channels including four HD channels. VimpelCom plans to offer the Nash football channel, which includes matches from the Russian premier league, the Russian championship and indoor Russian championship. A basic package of 100 channels costs RUB270 a month, with the extended package costing RUB495. VOD titles are RUB5-100 each.Vimpelcom owns Ukrainian operators Ukrainian Radio Systems and Golden Telecom, both managed under the Beeline brand, which have jointly launched IPTV services in Kiev. Available as a trial in the city since June, the full 30-channel service is free to Beeline’s Internet At Home FTTB broadband customers; subscribers need to purchase a set-top box from the company. Beeline Ukraine will likely expand to other cities this year.Satellite TVAfter several years of slow growth, DTH services have started to gain substantial momentum in Russia, where the terrain, dispersed population and multiple time-zones make the platform particularly efficient. However, persuading subscribers to part with their Rubles for pay-TV services remains a challenge.The leading operator is NTV-Plus, with about 630,000 subscribers. It offers various services including HD channels and video-on-demand. However, despite having the highest ARPU of all the country’s pay-TV operators, NTV-Plus is likely to need upwards of one million subscribers to break even. In an attempt to build its subscriber base, the operator launched a low-cost package last September. Dubbed ‘Light’, it provides 34 channels covering a range of different genres for RUB99 a month. In addition to Russia’s national channels, the package includes some of NTV’s own channels, including a new sports channel, Sport Plus. International channels in the pack include Eurosport, Universal Channel, Euronews, Discovery, MTV, Jetix, Zone Reality and Fashion TV. Subscribers can upgrade to NTV’s basic and extended basic packages or take its premium thematic packages in addition to Light. The operator has also recently started offering pay-per-view football matches to viewers that have not subscribed to its Supersport package. The operator was the first to offer HD channels in 2007, launching with HD Kino and HD Sport. It has since added channels including Eurosport HD, Discovery HD, HD life and MTVNHD.Multichannel TV providers by subscribers (000s), Source: Informa Telecoms & MediaRussia’s leading DTH operator in terms of pure subscriber numbers is Tricolor TV, which ended the third quarter of 2009 with an estimated 5.1 million customers – up from just one million at the start of 2008. This might sound like a steep growth curve but is at least in part down to the fact that the operator offers free subscriptions for the first year and there is little evidence to suggest that many feel inclined to switch to a paid service – most prefer to receive the 13 free-to-air channels. It is worth noting that Gazprom-Media, which has interests in NTV-Plus, acquired a controlling stake in Tricolor TV last September. In a statement, it said the acquisition would allow it to expand its audience in the budget segment of the market. The combined audience of the satellite television services provided by Gazprom-Media would exceed six million subscribers. Gazprom-Media will keep the Tricolor TV brand, which will continue to provide a basic package of free channels but some premium channels currently provided by NTV-Plus are likely to be offered to Tricolor TV customers.Another DTH service, Viva TV, operated by Orion Express, a subsidiary of Moscow-based Telecom Express, has not witnessed the same success as Tricolor. Since its July 2007 launch, the service has attracted approximately 100,000 subscribers. The service offers little more than the same free-to-air channels provided by Tricolor but at a cost of approximately ?36 for 12 months access, which is considerably lower than NTV-Plus.Russian TV Time launched in May 2008 to target Russian expats in Europe and Israel. It launched with 17 Russian-language channels at a cost of ?9.99 per month. The operator gradually increased the number of channels available during 2009 and was targeting 60 by the end of the year.Platforma DV launched an HD-only service in August 2008, distributed via Eutelsat’s Eurobird 9 satellite. The timing of the launch coincided with Eurosport’s HD coverage of the Olympic Games. Platforma HD broadcasts Eurosport HD, MTVNHD, National Geographic HD, HD Life, Women’s World, High Life and Kinopokaz 1 & 2 HD. Subscribers can also receive free-to-air HD channels MelodyZen and Luxe TV. The service is available to subscribers in Western Russia who receive the first six months for free, then pay RUB300 per month. The operator is hoping to attract 200,000 subscribers by mid-2010.The CSTB exhibition and conference takes place in Moscow’s Crocus-Expo exhibition centre from February 2-4. North-West Telecom*770,000450,000320,000 Sibirtelecom*543,500329,800213,700 Dalsvyaz*407,100238,800168,300 Tattelecom175,00090,00085,000 3Q09 Central Telegraph*170,000148,00022,000 Southern Telecom Company*498,800292,100206,700 *Subsidiaries of Svyazinvest Source: Informa Telecoms & Media, World Broadband Information Service Uralsvyazinform*754,300462,300292,000 Multiregion413,200238,100175,100 Netbynet231,000177,00054,000 TKT214,000152,00062,000 Golden Telecom Russia778,000238,000540,000 Operator Er Telecom815,000500,000315,000 Broadband subscriber growth by operator Volga Telecom*928,000663,850264,150 Akado606,000518,00088,000