City will look to maintain high standard over festive period

first_imgManchester City will not relent in their attacking zeal despite the glut of fixtures to come over the festive period, manager Pep Guardiola said on Friday before the weekend’s Premier League clash against Bournemouth.City, who won the title last season by breaking records in terms of goals scored and points accrued, are once again flying high, leading the table on 35 points after 13 games without tasting defeat.It was in the midst of the busy December fixtures last year, however, that Guardiola’s side saw their record 18-game winning run come to a halt in a 0-0 draw at Crystal Palace.With a plethora of games to come starting with Saturday’s visit of Eddie Howe’s Bournemouth, Guardiola maintained that his side will not change their approach to mitigate the short recovery time.“When we are not able to win the games, people will say we cannot keep the standard but we have been at the same level for the last 15 months so I don’t have any reason to think we will not be who we are,” the Spanish coach told a news conference.“That doesn’t mean win or lose but the way we approach the games, I don’t see any signals to see we are not going to try and be who we are.”On Bournemouth, Guardiola commented: “They are so fast up front with (Calum) Wilson, (Ryan) Fraser, (Junior) Stanislas, (David) Brooks. Very well organised. It will be a tough, tough game.”City will at least be boosted by the news that forward Gabriel Jesus is close to recovery, with Guardiola adding that he wants the Brazilian to play a lot of minutes in the coming weeks.However, the manager was more downbeat about reports that 19-year-old Brahim Diaz could be the latest talented youngster to leave the Etihad – possibly following in the footsteps of Jadon Sancho, who is now impressing at Borussia Dortmund since moving there last year.Spanish media outlets said that Real Madrid could be a possible destination and Guardiola urged the youngster to make a decision.“We want him (Brahim), we want to extend his contract four or five years and do absolutely everything for him to stay,” he said. “But it’s in his hands. My advice is if he doesn’t want to stay, he has to leave. So it’s simple… he has to decide.”The Manchester outfit lead the standings by two points ahead of Liverpool, who are also unbeaten in the league so far.last_img read more

Guacamole Coasts: Not Just Florida, Not Just Now

first_imgFlorida’s Treasure Coast has turned toxic this summer, as a foul-smelling algae bloom that resembles guacamole has made some of the Sunshine State’s beaches untouchable.One cause is the controlled release of water from an over-full Lake Okeechobee into local rivers that flow east to the Atlantic and west to the Gulf of Mexico. Heavy precipitation makes these controlled releases necessary because Lake Okeechobee’s aging dike system can’t retain the large amount of water. Even if the lake’s infrastructure was up to snuff, the water in Lake Okeechobee is in bad shape. The lake’s poor water quality starts with its surrounding watershed, or drainage area. This agricultural area is planted with citrus and sugarcane and also has hundreds of thousands of acres of pasture, with only a small percentage of urbanized land. Rains can carry fertilizers and manure into the lake, and ultimately to the coast. Fertilizer, manure and sewage are loaded with nutrients, nitrogen and phosphorus, which can build up in water in a process known as eutrophication, or over-enrichment. And just as fertilizer feeds plant growth on land, it feeds algal growth in water. It can cause the kind of harmful algal blooms now occurring in Florida.Besides disrupting tourism, harmful algal blooms can cause health problems—such as nausea, respiratory issues, and skin irritations—for humans who come in contact with the water. The algae can also choke out marine life by blocking sunlight and consuming oxygen that fish and other aquatic species need to survive. When oxygen levels become dangerously low, or hypoxic, “dead zones” may occur and result in massive fish kills.Florida Is Not AloneThis problem is not unique to this summer. Periodic hypoxia has been documented in this area since the 1980s. It’s also not unique to Florida. In 2014, a toxic algal bloom in Lake Erie forced the city of Toledo to shut down its drinking water system, leaving more than 400,000 people without access to water. Just before the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, there were images of algae overtaking the Yellow Sea. This year, Brazil is also grappling with poor water quality conditions as it prepares to host the 2016 Summer Olympics. And on South America’s west coast, Chile’s salmon farming industry lost $800 million a few months ago when massive algal blooms killed millions of fish. Source: WRI, 2011WRI’s interactive map of coastal eutrophication and hypoxia identifies the St. Lucie River, one of Lake Okeechobee’s outlets, as having experienced periodic hypoxia since the 1980s. All over the world, we’re seeing increased nutrient pollution and its harmful effects. In the past century, nutrient pollution in waterways nearly doubled globally, driven by growth in agriculture, industry and population. Eutrophication has become one of the main causes of poor water quality. The situation is expected to get worse, particularly for developing countries. A recent study projected that even under optimistic conditions, we will see more people at high risk of water pollution in 2050 – as many as one in three (it’s now about one in five).Stopping the TrendIn order to stop this trend, urgent action is needed from policy makers, corporations, farmers and citizens to better manage nutrients from farms, urban and suburban areas, and industries.  For example, cover crops and riverside forest buffers can filter excess nutrients before they leave farm fields and end up polluting local streams. Septic systems and sewage treatment plants may be able to better treat wastewater to reduce the amount of nutrients they discharge into rivers. And cities can be designed with green infrastructure that naturally filters pollutants out of stormwater.To inform decision makers on possible solutions to these water quality challenges, WRI—together with the Global Environment and Technology Foundation, the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, and the wider Global Partnership on Nutrient Management (GPNM)—developed a Global Nutrient Management Toolbox. The Toolbox provides a plethora of online resources to support management actions and policy decisions related to the sustainable management of nutrients and includes hundreds of examples of best management practices and policies from across the globe.From the Eastern to the Western hemisphere, we can learn from each other and take action now before nutrient pollution and algal blooms wreak irreversible havoc on our ecosystems, economy and health.last_img read more